China is considering introducing birth rewards and subsidies to encourage couples to have a second child after surveys showed economic constraints were making many reluctant to expand families.
Births rose to 17.86 million the highest level since 2000 after the government issued new guidelines in late 2015 allowing all parents to have two children amid growing concerns over the costs of supporting an ageing population.
However, a poll conducted by the National Health and Family Planning commission in 2015 found that 60% of families surveyed were reluctant to have a second baby, largely due to financial constraints.
China’s birth rate, one of the world’s lowest, is fast becoming a worry for authorities rather than the achievement it was considered at a time when the government feared over-population.
In 1979, China began implementing its controversial one child policy, however authorities are now concerned with its dwindling workforce and aging population. The Communist Party is credited to preventing 400 million births, contributing to China’s dramatic economic takeoff since the 1980s.